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Word in focus

чувак  [choo-VAK] (masculine noun) – dude, man, guy

А кто этот чувак? Ты его раньше здесь видел? = Who is that guy? Have you seen him here before?

У тебя что, чувак, совсем крыша поехала? =  Dude, are you nuts?


конверт - an envelope

конверт  [kan-VERT] (masculine noun) – an envelope

Он написал адрес на конверте и запечатал его. = He wrote the address on the envelope and sealed it.




закончить - to finish

заканчивать / закончить [za-KAN-chi-vat' / za-KON-chit'] (imperfective/perfective verb) – to finish


Я ещё не закончила эту книгу. = I haven't finished this book yet.

Во сколько ты заканчиваешь работать? = What time do you finish work?


The word comes from "конец" = an end.



имя - name

имя  [I-mya] (neuter noun) – a name

Я забыл его имя. = I forgot his name.


Plural: имена


Genitive: имени

Dative: имени

Instrumental: именем

Prepositional: об имени


Please, note, that this word is not used in phrases like "My name is..." or "What's your name?" In this case you use the verb "звать" = to call:

Меня зовут Елена. = My name's Elena.


понедельник - Monday

понедельник  [pa-ne-DEL'-nik] (masculine noun) – Monday

Сегодня понедельник. = Today is Monday.

По понедельникам мы обычно ходим в бассейн. = We usually go to the swimming pool on Mondays.


Note: в понедельник = on Monday

The word comes from "неделя" = week, and the prefix "по", which is often used to indicate the beginning of something.



учить - to learn

учить / выучить [oo-CHIT' / VY-oo-chit'] (imperfective/perfective verb) – to learn

Мы учим русский язык. = We learn Russian.

Ты выучил стихотворение? = Have you learnt the poem?


"Учить" usually takes a direct object (we say WHAT we learn). Not to confuse with "учиться":

Он учится в университете. = He learns at university. (we say WHERE we learn rather than what)

Я учусь плавать. = I'm learning to swim. (followed by a verb)


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