Looking for a Russian teacher?

Word in focus

чувак  [choo-VAK] (masculine noun) – dude, man, guy

А кто этот чувак? Ты его раньше здесь видел? = Who is that guy? Have you seen him here before?

У тебя что, чувак, совсем крыша поехала? =  Dude, are you nuts?

The accusative case: nouns


The accusative case (винительный падеж) is mainly used for direct objects (nouns or pronouns that go directly after a verb, without a preposition). Please, note, that there're some other usages that I'm not going to cover in this lesson.


Я читаю книгу (I'm reading a book).

Аня любит яблоки. (Ann likes apples).

Игорь пишет письмо. (Igor is writing a letter).

"Книгу", "яблоки", "письмо" are the examples of the accusatve case.

The choice of the ending depends if the noun is masculine, feminine or neuter; singular or plural; animate or inanimate.

Inanimate nouns are things. Animate nouns are people or animals. I'm going to tell you about the endings of  inanimate nouns first.



Look carefully at the following examples:

Я люблю рис (I like rice). 

"Рис" is masculine. As you can see, the ending doesn't change for masculine nouns in the accusative case.


Анна любит молоко (Anna likes milk).

"Молоко" is neuter. The ending doesn't change for neuter nouns either.


Мы не любим яблоки (We don't like apples).

"Яблоки" is plural. The ending doesn't change for plural nouns.


Easy, isn't it? However, there's an exception, and it concerns feminine nouns:

Я люблю колбасу (I like sausage).

"Колбаса" becomes "колбасу".  So the ending changes for feminine nouns in the accusative case: "а" changes into "у".

For feminine nouns that end in "я", "я" changes into "ю".

Я вижу лилию (I can see a lily): лилия - лилию



In a nutshell:

Feminine nouns: а - у; я - ю

Masculine nouns: no change

Neuter nouns: no change

Plurals: no change


Now you can do this exercise to practice.




As I said above, animate nouns are people or animals. Here're some examples:

Я люблю Анну. (I love Anna).

Сергей любит Юлию. (Sergey loves Yulia).

As you can see, feminine animate nouns behave exactly like inanimate ones: "а" changes into "y","я" changes into "ю".


However, it's different for masculine nouns.

For masculine animate nouns you normally add "а" at the end:

Я люблю Петра. (I love Peter). Петр becomes Петра.

If the noun ends in "й" or "ь", the ending is "я":

Маша любит Алексея. (Masha loves Alexey): Алексей - Алексея

Ты видел Игоря? (Have you seen Igor?): Игорь - Игоря



In a nutshell:

Feminine nouns: а - у; я - ю

Masculine nouns: +a; й or ь - я



Now you can do the exercises:

Exercise 1 (animate nouns only)

Exercise 2 (both animate and inanimate nouns).